Full Truckload (FTL) freight everything you need to know truckers wiki

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What is Full Truckload Freight (FTL)?

Full Truckload or FTL freight shipping, as the name suggests, refers to shipments that are large enough to fill an entire semi-trailer or intermodal container. The shipment is typically from a single customer, and the truck carries this single shipment from the point of origin directly to the destination. The size of the shipment usually exceeds half and up to the full capacity of a 48′ or 53′ trailer.
Learn more about types of trailers here.

How Does FTL Freight Work?

Unlike Less than Truckload (LTL) shipping, where goods from multiple shippers share the same truck, FTL shipments remain in the same truck from pickup to delivery. This lack of transfers during transit often results in faster delivery times and a lower risk of damage to the freight, as the cargo is handled less frequently.

When to Use FTL Freight?

FTL shipping is the best choice when businesses have enough products to fill an entire truckload, or when they have high-priority large shipments that need to be transported quickly. The weight of an FTL shipment can range anywhere from 15,000 to 45,000 pounds, although the specific weight can vary based on the type of goods and the specific agreement with the carrier.

Benefits of FTL Freight

  • Speed: FTL shipments usually have a faster transit time compared to LTL shipments since they’re not routinely loaded and unloaded at multiple terminals.
  • Security: With FTL shipping, the entire truck is dedicated to one shipment, reducing the risk of damage and theft.
  • Flexibility: FTL shipping can handle a wider range of cargo types, including those with special requirements like refrigeration.

Choosing the Right FTL Carrier

Choosing an FTL carrier involves factors such as the carrier’s service areas, their rates, the additional services they offer, and most importantly, their reliability. Businesses should choose carriers who have a reputation for timely and safe deliveries, and who can cater to their specific needs.

To Wrap It Up

Full Truckload shipping is a critical service in the freight industry, making it possible to move large quantities of goods efficiently across long distances. With a deeper understanding of what FTL is and when to use it, businesses can make more informed decisions about their shipping needs. Ultimately, successful shipping operations come down to selecting the right method for your specific needs, and Full Truckload shipping is a powerful tool in the shipping arsenal for many businesses.
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Less Than Truckload LTL load

This is full truckload. Image Credit RoadRunner Freight.

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