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Freight in the trucking industry refers to goods or cargo transported by truck from one place to another. This encompasses a wide range of goods, from raw materials and manufacturing components to retail products and personal items. This article explores the concept of freight, its types, transportation methods, and its significance in the trucking industry.
What is Freight?
Freight refers to any goods or commodities transported in bulk by truck, train, ship, or aircraft. In the trucking industry, it specifically refers to goods moved by truck. These goods may be transported locally, regionally, nationally, or even internationally, depending on the nature of the cargo and the capabilities of the trucking company.
Types of Freight
Freight can be categorized based on the type of goods, the method of transport, and other characteristics. Here are some common types of freight:
Dry Goods: This refers to non-perishable freight that does not require temperature control, such as textiles, furniture, or electronics.
Refrigerated Freight: Also known as “reefer” freight, this includes perishable goods that need to be transported in temperature-controlled environments, such as food products or certain pharmaceuticals.
Liquid or Gas Freight: This includes bulk liquid or gas commodities, such as petroleum, chemicals, or other fluids, often transported in tank trucks.
Oversized or Heavy Freight: This refers to goods that are unusually large or heavy, requiring special permits and equipment to transport.
Learn about Oversized freight here.
Transportation of Freight
Freight transportation in the trucking industry often involves the use of various types of trucks and trailers designed for specific types of freight. These may include dry vans, refrigerated trailers, flatbed trailers, tankers, and more. The choice of vehicle and trailer depends on the nature of the freight, the distance it needs to travel, and the infrastructure available at the pickup and delivery points.
The transportation of freight is the primary function of the trucking industry. It plays a crucial role in the economy by facilitating the movement of goods from producers to consumers, supporting various industries such as manufacturing, retail, agriculture, and more. It also allows for the efficient distribution of goods across large geographic areas, contributing to regional development and economic integration.
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